Missouri Porcupine

Identification

Porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum), sometimes called “porkies” or “quill pigs,” are heavy-bodied, short-legged, slow, and awkward rodents, with a waddling gait. Adults are typically 25 to 30 inches (64 to 76 cm) long and weigh 10 to 30 pounds (4.5 to 13.5 kg). They rely on their sharp, barbed quills (up to 30,000 per individual) for defense.

 

Range and Habitat

The porcupine is a common resident of the coniferous forests of western and northern North America. It wanders widely and is found from cottonwood stands along prairie river bottoms and deserts to alpine tundra. They favor caves, rock slides, and thick timber downfalls for shelter.

 

Fun Facts

Young porcupines are capable of eating vegetation within a week after birth, but they generally stay with the female through the summer. Juvenile survival rates are high.

Predators of porcupines include coyotes, bobcats, mountain lions, black bears, fishers, martens, great horned owls, and others.

 

Damage Prevention and Control Methods

Exclusion
Fences (small areas). Tree trunk guards.

Cultural Methods
Encourage closed-canopy forest stands.

Repellants
None are registered. Some wood preservatives may incidentally repel porcupines.

Toxicants
None are registered.

Fumigants

None are registered.

Trapping
Steel leghold trap (No. 2 or 3). Body-gripping (Conibear®) trap (No. 220 or 330). Box trap.

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The above information was adapted from PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF WILDLIFE DAMAGE with permission of the editors, Scott E. Hygnstrom, Robert M. Timm, and Gary E. Larson (Cooperative Extension Division, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Nebraska-Lincoln, United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Animal Damage Control, Great Plains Agricultural Council Wildlife Committee).

Our local Missouri offices offer Porcupine services in the following cities: Afton, Airport Drive, Alba, Alhambra, Amherst, Archie, Argyle, Armington, Arnold, Asbury, Ash Grove, Ashland, Aurora, Avilla, Avondale, Baldwin Park, Ballwin, Battlefield, Bedford, Bellefontaine Neighbors, Belton, Billings, Birmingham, Blackwater, Blue Springs, Boonville, Bradleyville, Branson, Brentwood, Bridgeton, Brimfield, Brooklyn Heights, Buckner, Bull Creek, Camden Point, Candia, Carl Junction, Carterville, Carthage, Carytown, Caseyville, Chesterfield, Chillicothe, Claycomo, Clayton, Cleveland, Clever, Columbia, Cotterville, Countryside, Creighton, Crestwood, Creve Coeur, Danbury, De Soto, Dearborn, Deer Creek, Des Peres, Drexel, Duenweg, Duquesne, Earth City, Earth City, East Andover, East Candia, East Derry, East Hampstead, East Lynne, East Peoria, Edgerton, Eldon, Ellisville, Eugene, Eureka, Excelsior Estates, Excelsior Springs, Fair Grove, Fairview Heights, Farley, Fayette, Fenton, Ferguson, Ferrelview, Fidelity, Florissant, Forsyth, Francestown, Freeman, Freistatt, Fremont Hills, Frontenac, Fulton, Garden City, Gasconade, Gerald, Gladstone, Glasford, Glasgow, Glenaire, Goffstown, Grain Valley, Grandview, Green Valley, Greenwood, Groveland, Gunn City, Hallsville, Halltown, Hamel, Hampstead, Hanna City, Harrisburg, Harrisonville, Hazelwood, Highlandville, Hoberg, Hollister, Holt, Houston Lake, Iatan, Imperial, Independence, Jamestown, Jasper, Jefferson City, Joplin, Kansas City, Kearney, Kimberling City, Kimmswick, Kingdom City, Kingston Mines, Kirbyville, Kirkwood, La Russell, Labadie, Ladue, Lake Annette, Lake Lotawana, Lake St. Louis, Lake Tapawingo, Lake Waukomis, Lake Winnebago, Latham, Laura, Leawood, Lees Summit, Levasy, Liberty, Litchfield, Loch Lloyd, Lone Jack, Longview Lake, Mackinaw, Madison, Manchester, Maplewood, Marionville, Maryland Heights, Mc Girk, Merriam Woods, Mexico, Miller, Missouri City, Moberly, Mosby, Mount Vernon, National Stock Yards, Neck City, New Bloomfield, New Boston, New Castle, New Franklin, Nixa, North Kansas City, North Star Village, Northmoor, O Fallon, O'fallon, Oak Grove, Oaks, Oakview, Oakwood, Oakwood Park, Olivette, Oronogo, Otterville, Ozark, Pacific, Pacific, Parkville, Peculiar, Pelham, Peoria, Peoria Heights, Pierce City, Pilot Grove, Platte City, Platte Woods, Pleasant Hill, Pleasant Valley, Prathersville, Purcell, Randolph, Raymond, Raymore, Raytown, Reed Springs, Reeds, Republic, Richmond Heights, Ridgely, River Bend, Riverside, Riverview Estates, Robertsville, Rocheport, Rockaway Beach, Rogersville, Rome, Saddlebrooke, Saint Albans, Saint Thomas, Sarcoxie, Shell Knob, Shrewsbury, Sibley, Smithville, South Pekin, South Sutton, Sparta, Spring Hill, Springfield, St. Albans, St. Ann, St. Charles, St. John, St. Louis, St. Peters, Stotts City, Strafford, Strasburg, Sugar Creek, Sunset Hills, Taneyville, Tebbetts, Temple, Town And Country, Tracy, Tremont, Trivoli, Troy, Union, Unity Village, University City, Valley Park, Verona, Waco, Waldron, Walnut Grove, Warner, Washington, Weatherby Lake, Webb City, Webster Groves, West Alton, West Line, Weston, Westphalia, Westport, Westwood, Wildwood, Willard

Eco-Wise Pest Control



Local offices:

Akron-Canton(330) 823-1996Website
Albuquerque(505) 892-6519Website
Allentown(800) 633-2077Website
Ann Arbor(734) 449-5858Website
Central Maryland - Anne Arundel County(410) 990-1511Website
Northern Shenandoah - Ashburn(703) 728-1200Website
Atlanta(770) 663-6260Website
Austin(512) 833-5000Website
Baltimore(410) 848-2800Website
Birmingham(205) 991-0899Website
Boston(617) 975-0440Website
Boulder(303) 274-8837Website
Cape Cod(508) 760-0404Website
Cedar Rapids / Iowa City(319) 683-2560Website
Central Michigan - East(989) 513-4357Website
Central Missouri(573) 441-0060Website
Central South Carolina(803) 361-3647Website
Charleston(843) 345-7378Website
Charlotte(704) 531-2241Website
Chicago(847) 991-9909Website
Cincinnati(513) 521-6084Website
Cleveland(216) 642-3044Website
Colorado Springs(719) 473-4663Website
Columbus(614) 291-4400Website
Dayton(937) 854-5736Website
Daytona Beach(386) 734-2385Website
Delaware Valley(610) 385-4405Website
Denver(303) 274-8837Website
Des Moines(515) 287-0419Website
East Central Indiana(765) 282-7732Website
Elkhart/ South Bend(574) 825-1079Website
Central Maryland - Frederick(301) 662-0433Website
Northern Virginia - Fredericksburg(540) 657-1177Website
Ft. Collins(800) 274-8837Website
Ft. Lauderdale(954) 467-6067Website
Ft. Myers(239) 731-6255Website
Ft. Pierce / Treasure Coast(772) 462-0602Website
Ft. Wayne(260) 632-5106Website
Gainesville / Ocala(352) 372-3922Website
Grand Rapids(616) 245-4680Website
Greater Dallas(214) 453-8488Website
Greater Ft. Worth(817) 222-1101Website
Greater Hudson Valley(914) 432-5382Website
Greater Pittsburgh(412) 767-4067Website
Greater Rhode Island(401) 637-7991Website
Greater Waco(979) 846-7200Website
Greenville / Spartanburg(864) 859-3786Website
Gulf States(251) 443-3348Website
Central Maryland - Hagerstown(301) 790-1322Website
Hamilton County(317) 591-9744Website
Northern Virginia - Herndon/Fairfax(703) 709-8727Website
Houston East(713) 467-8000Website
Houston West(713) 334-4103Website
Central Maryland - Howard County(410) 740-5500Website
Huntsville(256) 462-1350Website
Indianapolis(317) 733-0340Website
JacksonMS(251) 443-3348Website
Jacksonville(904) 221-8633Website
Kansas City Metro - Kansas City, KS(913) 962-9200Website
Kansas City Metro - Kansas City, MO(816) 363-8727Website
Kaw Valley(785) 233-0966Website
Lancaster(717) 872-6575Website
Lansing(517) 482-5900Website
Lexington(859) 278-3747Website
Northern Virginia - Loudoun(703) 787-6909Website
Louisville(502) 966-8987Website
Madison(608) 273-1318Website
Maine - York County(603) 431-7452
Memphis(901) 647-4327Website
Miami(305) 258-3587Website
Milwaukee(414) 327-9949Website
Central Maryland - Montgomery(301) 434-0567Website
Montgomery(334) 265-6191Website
Nashville(615) 662-2235Website
New Hampshire(603) 424-7452Website
New Jersey(732) 349-8100Website
North Dallas(817) 222-1101Website
Northern Delaware(302) 685-3667Website
NW Washington(360) 988-2029Website
Oakland(925) 363-9336Website
Oklahoma City(405) 619-3000Website
Omaha(402) 339-2653Website
Orange County(858) 271-1112Website
Orlando(407) 295-7194Website
Ottawa(613) 978-8727Website
Panama City(850) 745-4080Website
Pensacola/Panhandle(800) 274-8837Website
Peoria(309) 672-1160Website
Phoenix(623) 322-4725Website
Piedmont Virginia(540) 246-3400Website
Pittsburgh NW(724) 775-5444Website
Portland(503) 244-0993Website
Central Maryland - Prince Georges(301) 249-4969Website
Northern Shenandoah - Purcellville(540) 338-2875Website
Racine(262) 792-9949Website
Raleigh-Durham(919) 382-0651Website
Reading(800) 633-2077Website
Reno - Tahoe(775) 322-5558Website
Richmond(804) 674-6621Website
Rochester Hills(586) 323-1010Website
Sacramento(530) 889-8406Website
Salt Lake City(801) 444-1235Website
San Antonio(210) 499-4225Website
San Diego County(858) 271-1112Website
San Jose(408) 226-6162Website
Santa Fe(505) 988-2035Website
Sarasota and Bradenton(941) 355-9511Website
Savannah(912) 898-5992Website
Seattle(206) 431-6833Website
Spokane(509) 443-6757Website
Springfield(417) 581-5899Website
St. Louis(314) 423-8801Website
Northern Shenandoah - Sterling(703) 787-6909Website
SW Michigan(269) 353-2874Website
SW Oakland Co. Mi.(248) 889-4977Website
Syracuse(315) 673-9419Website
Tallahassee(850) 745-4111Website
Tampa Bay Area - Tampa(813) 948-0870Website
Toledo(419) 539-9880Website
Toronto(416) 688-2600Website
Traverse City(231) 929-9321Website
Triad(336) 996-6364Website
Tulsa(918) 663-6060Website
Virginia Beach(757) 471-6234Website
Washington DC(202) 429-5699Website
West Palm Beach(561) 274-0224Website
Westland(734) 744-4745Website
Wheeling(304) 242-4020Website
Wichita(316) 267-2575Website
Wildlife Management Services(612) 926-9988Website
Wilmington(910) 279-1549Website
Northern Shenandoah - Winchester(540) 678-3776Website
Worcester(800) 564-9600Website

Missouri Wildlife Services

For your local Wildlife Control Expert, call 1-800-CRITTER.