Missouri House Finches

Identification

Males are brownish with a bright red breast, forehead, rump, and stripe over the eye. They also have narrow dark stripes on the flanks and belly. Females are sparrowlike , with a plain head, streaked underparts , and no eye stripe. House finches have a warbling song, frequently ending in harsh, nasal notes. Their chirp is similar to that of a house sparrow.

 

Range and Habitat

House finches are abundant residents throughout the western United States and Mexico. They are becoming common in the East and are spreading into the central United States. They are most numerous on the valley floors and in the foothills of California, wherever food and water are available. Though house finches are classified along with other finches as migratory nongame birds under federal law, authorities agree that they are relatively nonmigratory  In late summer they move into the higher mountains and have been observed at elevations as high as 9,800 feet (3,000 m). They are generally resident birds and most of those in valley districts spend their lives within a few miles of the place where they were hatched.

The house finch is most abundant in the warm valleys of California near cultivated lands. Human development has created extensive favorable habitat including hedgerows, field edges and crop fields.

 

Fun Facts

House finches are primarily seed eaters, and before the introduction of cultivated fruits, they probably lived largely on weed seeds. House finches have adapted well to the presence of humans.

 

Damage Identification

House finches peck and feed on practically all deciduous fruits, berries, grains, vegetable seed, and flower seed. They also detach the bracts of fruit buds and eat the buds; at blossom time they knock off flower petals and eat the embryonic fruits.

 

Damage Prevention and Control Methods

Exclusion
Cover crops with plastic netting.

Habitat Modification
Remove cover used for nesting and resting.

Frightening
Av-Alarms® and gas cannons have been somewhat effective.
Avitrol ®.

Repellents
Capsicum

Toxicants
None are registered or currently available for use.

Trapping
Use culvert traps or foot snares; for bait use only wild animal road kills and scents.

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The above information was adapted from PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF WILDLIFE DAMAGE with permission of the editors, Scott E. Hygnstrom, Robert M. Timm, and Gary E. Larson (Cooperative Extension Division, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Nebraska-Lincoln, United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Animal Damage Control, Great Plains Agricultural Council Wildlife Committee).

Our local Missouri offices offer House Finches services in the following cities: Afton, Airport Drive, Alba, Alhambra, Amherst, Archie, Argyle, Armington, Arnold, Asbury, Ash Grove, Ashland, Aurora, Avilla, Avondale, Baldwin Park, Ballwin, Battlefield, Bedford, Bellefontaine Neighbors, Belton, Billings, Birmingham, Blackwater, Blue Springs, Boonville, Bradleyville, Branson, Brentwood, Bridgeton, Brimfield, Brooklyn Heights, Buckner, Bull Creek, Camden Point, Candia, Carl Junction, Carterville, Carthage, Carytown, Caseyville, Chesterfield, Chillicothe, Claycomo, Clayton, Cleveland, Clever, Columbia, Cotterville, Countryside, Creighton, Crestwood, Creve Coeur, Danbury, De Soto, Dearborn, Deer Creek, Des Peres, Drexel, Duenweg, Duquesne, Earth City, Earth City, East Andover, East Candia, East Derry, East Hampstead, East Lynne, East Peoria, Edgerton, Eldon, Ellisville, Eugene, Eureka, Excelsior Estates, Excelsior Springs, Fair Grove, Fairview Heights, Farley, Fayette, Fenton, Ferguson, Ferrelview, Fidelity, Florissant, Forsyth, Francestown, Freeman, Freistatt, Fremont Hills, Frontenac, Fulton, Garden City, Gasconade, Gerald, Gladstone, Glasford, Glasgow, Glenaire, Goffstown, Grain Valley, Grandview, Green Valley, Greenwood, Groveland, Gunn City, Hallsville, Halltown, Hamel, Hampstead, Hanna City, Harrisburg, Harrisonville, Hazelwood, Highlandville, Hoberg, Hollister, Holt, Houston Lake, Iatan, Imperial, Independence, Jamestown, Jasper, Jefferson City, Joplin, Kansas City, Kearney, Kimberling City, Kimmswick, Kingdom City, Kingston Mines, Kirbyville, Kirkwood, La Russell, Labadie, Ladue, Lake Annette, Lake Lotawana, Lake St. Louis, Lake Tapawingo, Lake Waukomis, Lake Winnebago, Latham, Laura, Leawood, Lees Summit, Levasy, Liberty, Litchfield, Loch Lloyd, Lone Jack, Longview Lake, Mackinaw, Madison, Manchester, Maplewood, Marionville, Maryland Heights, Mc Girk, Merriam Woods, Mexico, Miller, Missouri City, Moberly, Mosby, Mount Vernon, National Stock Yards, Neck City, New Bloomfield, New Boston, New Castle, New Franklin, Nixa, North Kansas City, North Star Village, Northmoor, O Fallon, O'fallon, Oak Grove, Oaks, Oakview, Oakwood, Oakwood Park, Olivette, Oronogo, Otterville, Ozark, Pacific, Pacific, Parkville, Peculiar, Pelham, Peoria, Peoria Heights, Pierce City, Pilot Grove, Platte City, Platte Woods, Pleasant Hill, Pleasant Valley, Prathersville, Purcell, Randolph, Raymond, Raymore, Raytown, Reed Springs, Reeds, Republic, Richmond Heights, Ridgely, River Bend, Riverside, Riverview Estates, Robertsville, Rocheport, Rockaway Beach, Rogersville, Rome, Saddlebrooke, Saint Albans, Saint Thomas, Sarcoxie, Shell Knob, Shrewsbury, Sibley, Smithville, South Pekin, South Sutton, Sparta, Spring Hill, Springfield, St. Albans, St. Ann, St. Charles, St. John, St. Louis, St. Peters, Stotts City, Strafford, Strasburg, Sugar Creek, Sunset Hills, Taneyville, Tebbetts, Temple, Town And Country, Tracy, Tremont, Trivoli, Troy, Union, Unity Village, University City, Valley Park, Verona, Waco, Waldron, Walnut Grove, Warner, Washington, Weatherby Lake, Webb City, Webster Groves, West Alton, West Line, Weston, Westphalia, Westport, Westwood, Wildwood, Willard

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