Arkansas Gulls

Identification

They are generally medium to large birds, typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet.Gulls are robust birds with webbed feet, long wings and a slightly hooked beak. They all possess exceptional flying ability. They are often seen swimming, and occasionally they dive underwater. Adult gulls are white, with varying patterns of gray and black over the back, wings, and head. The young of larger species are often gray and take several years to develop adult plumage.

 

Range and Habitat

The herring (Larus argentatus) and ring-billed (L. delawarensis) gulls are the most common and widespread of the species. They are distributed throughout North America, from coastal to inland areas, from unsettled areas to the downtown cores of large cities, from farmers’ fields to fast-food outlets and drive-in theaters. Other common species include the laughing gull (L. atricilla), Franklin’s gull (L. pipixcan), great black-backed gull (L. marinus) and California gull (L. californicus). Some species are limited to coastal habitats, while others may occur inland seasonally, rarely or in specialized habitats.

 

Fun Facts

They build nests on the ground and produce 3 to 5 eggs per nest. In the Great Lakes region, the number of ring-billed gulls has been increasing at about 10% per year since the early 1970s. The ring-billed gull yields readily to persecution, is easily driven from its breeding grounds and seems to prefer to breed in remote, unsettled regions far from the haunts of man. However, a colony on Leslie Spit on the waterfront of Toronto, Ontario, increased from 20 pairs in 1973 to 75,000 to 80,000 pairs in 1982. It appears that ring-billed gulls have changed some of their habits in recent years and have adapted to humans in their environment.

 

Damage Identification

Increasing gull populations in North America during the past century have led to a variety of problems for different segments of society. Gulls cause damage to agricultural crops and threaten human safety at and near airports. They are involved in more collisions with aircraft than any other bird group because they are numerous and widely distributed. The presence of gull roosts near reservoirs increases their potential for transmitting diseases to human populations. Gulls are occasionally a nuisance when they nest on rooftops and seek food from people eating out-of-doors.

 

Legal Status

Gulls are classified as migratory species and thus are protected by federal and, in most cases, state laws. In the United States, gulls may be taken only with a permit issued by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Permits are issued only after frightening techniques, physical barriers, or both have been used correctly and qualified personnel certify that these methods have been ineffective. Some states may require an additional permit to kill gulls. No federal permit is needed, however, to frighten or mechanically exclude gulls.

 

Damage Prevention and Control Methods

Exclusion
Construct complete enclosures of plastic or wire mesh. Suspend parallel wire or monofilament strands over area needing protection. Use porcupine wires on roosting sites.

Cultural Methods

Reduce or eliminate sources of food, water and nesting or resting sites.

Frightening
Auditory and visual frightening devices can be effective for limited time periods.

Repellents
Polybutenes.

Toxicants
DRC-1339.

Fumigants
None are registered.

Trapping
Rocket or cannon netting over bait. Box trapping over nests and eggs. Spotlighting and netting by hand at night.

 

 


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The above information was adapted from PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF WILDLIFE DAMAGE with permission of the editors, Scott E. Hygnstrom, Robert M. Timm, and Gary E. Larson (Cooperative Extension Division, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Nebraska-Lincoln, United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Animal Damage Control, Great Plains Agricultural Council Wildlife Committee).

Our local Arkansas offices offer Gulls services in the following cities: Air Force Base, Alexander, Bauxite, Bebee, Benton, Bryant, Cabot, Cammack Village, Camp Robinson, Conway, Enola, Greenbrier, Guy, Haskell, Holland, Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Little Rock, Maumelle, Mayflower, Mount Vernon, North Little Rock, Shannon Hills, Sherwood, Traskwood, Twin Groves, Vilonia, Wooster, Wrightsville

Eco-Wise Pest Control



Local offices:

Akron-Canton(330) 823-1996Website
Albuquerque(505) 892-6519Website
Allentown(800) 633-2077Website
Ann Arbor(734) 449-5858Website
Central Maryland - Anne Arundel County(410) 990-1511Website
Northern Shenandoah - Ashburn(703) 728-1200Website
Atlanta(770) 663-6260Website
Austin(512) 833-5000Website
Baltimore(410) 848-2800Website
Birmingham(205) 991-0899Website
Boston(617) 975-0440Website
Boulder(303) 274-8837Website
Cape Cod(508) 760-0404Website
Cedar Rapids / Iowa City(319) 683-2560Website
Central Michigan - East(989) 513-4357Website
Central Missouri(573) 441-0060Website
Central South Carolina(803) 361-3647Website
Charleston(843) 345-7378Website
Charlotte(704) 531-2241Website
Chicago(847) 991-9909Website
Cincinnati(513) 521-6084Website
Cleveland(216) 642-3044Website
Colorado Springs(719) 473-4663Website
Columbus(614) 291-4400Website
Dayton(937) 854-5736Website
Daytona Beach(386) 734-2385Website
Delaware Valley(610) 385-4405Website
Denver(303) 274-8837Website
Des Moines(515) 287-0419Website
East Central Indiana(765) 282-7732Website
Elkhart/ South Bend(574) 825-1079Website
Central Maryland - Frederick(301) 662-0433Website
Northern Virginia - Fredericksburg(540) 657-1177Website
Ft. Collins(800) 274-8837Website
Ft. Lauderdale(954) 467-6067Website
Ft. Myers(239) 731-6255Website
Ft. Pierce / Treasure Coast(772) 462-0602Website
Ft. Wayne(260) 632-5106Website
Gainesville / Ocala(352) 372-3922Website
Grand Rapids(616) 245-4680Website
Greater Dallas(214) 453-8488Website
Greater Ft. Worth(817) 222-1101Website
Greater Hudson Valley(914) 432-5382Website
Greater Pittsburgh(412) 767-4067Website
Greater Rhode Island(401) 637-7991Website
Greater Waco(979) 846-7200Website
Greenville / Spartanburg(864) 859-3786Website
Gulf States(251) 443-3348Website
Central Maryland - Hagerstown(301) 790-1322Website
Hamilton County(317) 591-9744Website
Northern Virginia - Herndon/Fairfax(703) 709-8727Website
Houston East(713) 467-8000Website
Houston West(713) 334-4103Website
Central Maryland - Howard County(410) 740-5500Website
Huntsville(256) 462-1350Website
Indianapolis(317) 733-0340Website
JacksonMS(251) 443-3348Website
Jacksonville(904) 221-8633Website
Kansas City Metro - Kansas City, KS(913) 962-9200Website
Kansas City Metro - Kansas City, MO(816) 363-8727Website
Kaw Valley(785) 233-0966Website
Lancaster(717) 872-6575Website
Lansing(517) 482-5900Website
Lexington(859) 278-3747Website
Northern Virginia - Loudoun(703) 787-6909Website
Louisville(502) 966-8987Website
Madison(608) 273-1318Website
Maine - York County(603) 431-7452
Memphis(901) 647-4327Website
Miami(305) 258-3587Website
Milwaukee(414) 327-9949Website
Central Maryland - Montgomery(301) 434-0567Website
Montgomery(334) 265-6191Website
Nashville(615) 662-2235Website
New Hampshire(603) 424-7452Website
New Jersey(732) 349-8100Website
North Dallas(817) 222-1101Website
Northern Delaware(302) 685-3667Website
NW Washington(360) 988-2029Website
Oakland(925) 363-9336Website
Oklahoma City(405) 619-3000Website
Omaha(402) 339-2653Website
Orange County(858) 271-1112Website
Orlando(407) 295-7194Website
Ottawa(613) 978-8727Website
Panama City(850) 745-4080Website
Pensacola/Panhandle(800) 274-8837Website
Peoria(309) 672-1160Website
Phoenix(623) 322-4725Website
Piedmont Virginia(540) 246-3400Website
Pittsburgh NW(724) 775-5444Website
Portland(503) 244-0993Website
Central Maryland - Prince Georges(301) 249-4969Website
Northern Shenandoah - Purcellville(540) 338-2875Website
Racine(262) 792-9949Website
Raleigh-Durham(919) 382-0651Website
Reading(800) 633-2077Website
Reno - Tahoe(775) 322-5558Website
Richmond(804) 674-6621Website
Rochester Hills(586) 323-1010Website
Sacramento(530) 889-8406Website
Salt Lake City(801) 444-1235Website
San Antonio(210) 499-4225Website
San Diego County(858) 271-1112Website
San Jose(408) 226-6162Website
Santa Fe(505) 988-2035Website
Sarasota and Bradenton(941) 355-9511Website
Savannah(912) 898-5992Website
Seattle(206) 431-6833Website
Spokane(509) 443-6757Website
Springfield(417) 581-5899Website
St. Louis(314) 423-8801Website
Northern Shenandoah - Sterling(703) 787-6909Website
SW Michigan(269) 353-2874Website
SW Oakland Co. Mi.(248) 889-4977Website
Syracuse(315) 673-9419Website
Tallahassee(850) 745-4111Website
Tampa Bay Area - Tampa(813) 948-0870Website
Toledo(419) 539-9880Website
Toronto(416) 688-2600Website
Traverse City(231) 929-9321Website
Triad(336) 996-6364Website
Tulsa(918) 663-6060Website
Virginia Beach(757) 471-6234Website
Washington DC(202) 429-5699Website
West Palm Beach(561) 274-0224Website
Westland(734) 744-4745Website
Wheeling(304) 242-4020Website
Wichita(316) 267-2575Website
Wildlife Management Services(612) 926-9988Website
Wilmington(910) 279-1549Website
Northern Shenandoah - Winchester(540) 678-3776Website
Worcester(800) 564-9600Website

Arkansas Wildlife Services

For your local Wildlife Control Expert, call 1-800-CRITTER.